CHILD ADOPTION IN THE PHILIPPINES AND THE PROCESS AND REQUIREMENTS

It is possible to adopt a child that you can raise and love as your own whether you are a Filipino citizen or a foreign national.

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has laid down the needed information for those who are interested in the idea of adopting children.

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The question now is what is the process and requirements for child adoption in the Philippines?

Below are the answers for your question.

Who Can Adopt

  • First of all, the requirements and procedure for adoption are based on the Domestic Adoption Law (Republic Act 8552).
  • In the said law, a Filipino citizen or an alien (a foreigner who is not a Filipino citizen) may adopt if he or she meets the following requirements:
  • Is of legal age.
  • Is at least 16 years older than adoptee (except when the adopter is the biological parent)
  • Has the capacity to act and assume all the rights and duties incident to the exercise of parental authority.
  • Is of good moral character and has not been convicted of any crime involving moral turpitude.
  • Is in a good position to support, educate and care for his/her legitimate and illegitimate children and the child to be adopted.
  • Has undergone the pre-adoption services.
  • As for aliens, another additional requirement would be:
  • If he/she has diplomatic relations with the Philippines.
  • Has been certified by his/her diplomatic or consular office or any appropriated agency that he/she is qualified to adopt in his country
  • His/her government will allow the adoption.

On top of that, an alien needs to have been living in the country for a minimum of 3 continuous years before adoption application.

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Who Can Be Adopted

  • Based on the law, those who can be adopted include the following:
  • Any person below 18 who has been administratively or judicially declared available for adoption.
  • Legitimate son/daughter of one spouse by the other spouse.
  • An illegitimate son/daughter by a qualified adopter/s to improve his/her status to that of legitimacy.
  • A person of legal age if, prior to the adoption, said the person has been consistently considered and treated by the adopter/s as his/her own child since minority.
  • A child whose adoption has been previously rescinded.
  • A child whose biological parent/s has died provided that no proceedings shall be initiated within 6 months from the time of the death of the said parent/s.

Requirements For Adoption

The following documents have to be submitted:

  1. Authenticated Birth Certificate
  2. Authenticated Marriage Certificate
  3. Written consent to the adoption of the legitimate, adopted or illegitimate children living with the applicant who is aged 10 years old and above.
  4. Health Certificates of Couple and family members
  5. NBI Clearance or Police Clearance
  6. Latest ITR (Income Tax Return) or any proof of income
  7. Three Character References
  8. Statement of Acceptance from Designated Guardian
  9. Latest Family Picture and Home Picture
  10. Home Study Report
  11. Process of Adoption
  12. This is the process for adoption so be sure to follow it carefully:
  13. Attendance to Adoption Counseling
  14. Application
  15. Preparation of Home Study Report
  16. Approval/Disapproval of application
  17. Matching or Family Selection
  18. Pre-placement of the child with the prospective adoptive parents
  19. Placement
  20. Supervised Trial Custody
  21. Finalization of Child’s Adoption
  22. Issuance of the Adoption Decree/Certificate of Finality
  23. Issuance of Amended Birth Certificate
  24. Provision of Post-Adoptive Services

For additional details, you may want to get in touch with DSWD.

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